Saturday, May 13, 2017

" In the middle of the end of a soft coup"


The other day Larry Nichols stopped in on the H&H show on his way to check himself into the hospital.
 He was very ill, and his message was urgent. 

In essence, this is what Larry said. 

We (in the u.s.) are in the middle of the end of a soft coup. 

They were going to activate FEMA - Provisional Continuity of Government (aka complete Martial Law)
 soon after Hilary became president.

This is what Jade Helm and O's exec orders and all the stockpile of bullets and all of that, was/is about.

FEMA Provisional Gov establishes POTUS as fullblown socialist/globalist new world order Dictator/King.

But -- gasp!  shock!  -- Trump became POTUS. 

They dare not --cannot--  put Trump on that throne.  They can't activate FEMA as long as Trump is president.

Therefore the insane measures to get rid of Trump any way they can. 

"We are hanging by a thread, and like it or not, that thread is Donald Trump."

(In Larry Nichol's opinion, Hillary is over, but Obama is still viable.)




The Superstation synopsis sounds quite accurate as to what will happen (martial law FEMA activation)  if/as this oroborus continues to gobble up the internet.  What's to stop it? 

JS says the following piece is Click-bait bullshit. And it may well be. It certainly isn't the truth.   But either way,
it indicates that at least  the narrative is being guided. 


Accidental hero" halts worldwide ransomware attack by registering domain name that turned out to be the kill switch



Date: Saturday, 13-May-2017 11:23:42

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Accidental hero' halts ransomware attack and warns: this is not over
Expert who stopped spread of attack by activating software’s ‘kill switch’ says criminals will ‘change the code and start again’
- Cyber-attack hits dozens of countries – live updates
- Massive ransomware cyber-attack hits 74 countries around the world
Nadia Khomami in London and Olivia Solon in San Francisco
Saturday 13 May 2017 10.49 EDT

The “accidental hero” who halted the global spread of an unprecedented ransomware attack by registering a garbled domain name hidden in the malware has warned the attack could be rebooted.

The ransomware used in Friday’s attack wreaked havoc on organisations including FedEx and Telef√≥nica, as well as the UK’s National Health Service (NHS), where operations were cancelled, X-rays, test results and patient records became unavailable and phones did not work.

But the spread of the attack was brought to a sudden halt when one UK cybersecurity researcher tweeting as @malwaretechblog, with the help of Darien Huss from security firm Proofpoint, found and inadvertently activated a “kill switch” in the malicious software.

Live Cyber-attack: May says 'no evidence' NHS patient records compromised – live
British prime minister thanks NHS staff for working overnight after attack of ‘unprecedented’ scale
Read more

The researcher, who identified himself only as MalwareTech, is a 22-year-old from south-west England who lives with his parents and works for Kryptos logic, an LA-based threat intelligence company.

“I was out having lunch with a friend and got back about 3pm and saw an influx of news articles about the NHS and various UK organisations being hit,” he told the Guardian. “I had a bit of a look into that and then I found a sample of the malware behind it, and saw that it was connecting out to a specific domain, which was not registered. So I picked it up not knowing what it did at the time.”

The kill switch was hardcoded into the malware in case the creator wanted to stop it spreading. This involved a very long nonsensical domain name that the malware makes a request to – just as if it was looking up any website – and if the request comes back and shows that the domain is live, the kill switch takes effect and the malware stops spreading. The domain cost $10.69 and was immediately registering thousands of connections every second.

~~~~~ continue at ~~~~~
www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/13/accidental-hero-finds-kill-switch-to-stop-spread-of-ransomware-cyber-attack

  But either way,
it indicates that at least the narrative is being guided.

A controlled burn is always more survivable than a wildfire. 

The narrative being guided strongly implies that this event is a controlled burn,

not an organic all-consuming unstoppable wildfire as would appear to be the worse case. 

We are likely to survive this.

 
Snip>>>>

UPDATE 12:50 AM EDT-

FedEx employees in Memphis received a text notification: “Virus spreading through FedEx with ransomware threat. Could be US wide. Recommend you turn off your computer if it’s windows just in case.”"

Also..

"...Some employees were told company systems globally were affected and that non-critical systems and PCs were to remain turned off until further notice from management..."

UPDATE 1:15 AM EDT --

SuperStation95 can now confirm the cyber virus is in the global Banking System. Santander Bank has confirmed it is affected by this cyber attack.

ALL BANKS on planet earth utilize the SWIFT communications system to conduct "secure" banking. That system is so outdated, it requires Windows VISTA to operate!

Microsoft halted updates to VISTA years ago, meaning the banks are sitting ducks.

The fact that Santander Bank is affected, likely means the global banking system is now infected.

If YOUR bank becomes infected, how will they provide CASH OR CREDIT services if all their files are encrypted? See how this could mean no cash from ATM's and no credit or debit cards working?

We urgently suggest you take the steps outlined earlier in this article to try to protect yourself in case everything shuts down.




UPDATE 2:30 AM EDT --

Ross Feingold, a Taiwan-based political analyst who advises on Taiwan and Hong Kong political affairs, warned that full picture may not be known until Monday morning when officials returned to work.

“As the attack commenced on Friday night Taiwan time, many organiZations, whether government or private sector, will only know the true impact on Monday morning when personnel return to work, turn on their computers, and possibly click on malware and/or otherwise discover that the organisation is the victim of ransomware,” he said.


UPDATE 4:00 AM EDT - INFRA-STRUCTURE BEING CRIPPLED

The cyber attack has now begun to cripple main infrastructure systems in Europe. German railroads are now grinding to a halt becuase the computers which run those railroads are being locked by the cyber attack.

Below is a photo from a German Railway station this morning. It shows the Ransom-ware Notice in the Red Box, proving the computer for the railroad has been taken-over by the cyber attack.











UPDATE 8:50 AM EDT --

The number of infections has jumped to 141,000+ in a matter of hours. The map below shows the most-prominent countries of infection:

UPDATE 9:30 AM EDT --

According to MalwareTech.com, confirmed infections by this Cyber Attack have risen to 148,732 systems with 137,406 taken offline and made non-functional. The spread of this attack is continuing. It is important to note that of the 148,742 infected systems, that means "systems" not "computers."

Within a system can be one computer, or a thousand, depending upon the entity affected. For instance, the "banking SYSTEM" may count as one system, but obviously it could apply to tens-of-thousands of individual banks. So the magnitude of this cyber attack is staggering . . . and the spread continues.



Live updates to this article will continue to appear frequently as this story continues to develop. Check back often for the updates!


Last modified on Saturday, 13 May 2017 09:35  
www.superstation95.com/index.php/world/3863

Friday, May 12, 2017

 There is cause to believe this attack has also already struck the u.s.

RANSOM DEMANDS ! ! ! ! CYBER ATTACK CRIPPLING HOSPITALS in UK, SPAIN & PORTUGAL Featured

Post by Newsroom
- May 12, 2017
- 0

RANSOM DEMANDS ! ! ! ! CYBER ATTACK CRIPPLING HOSPITALS in UK, SPAIN & PORTUGAL



A massive cyber-attack is underway throughout the United Kingdom, Spain and Portugal right now. Computers at companies, hospitals and government offices in 16 UK regions are now offline. Britain's National Health Service is said to be "in complete meltdown."

The attack is crippling telephone service in Spain and Portugal as well; with Portuguese Telephone Company workers "unable to communicate."  <<<<snip
https://www.superstation95.com/

 
An ambulance waits outside the emergency department at St Thomas' Hospital in central London, Britain May 12, 2017. © Stefan Wermuth / Reuters

Hospitals across Britain have reportedly been hit by a large-scale cyberattack. Some are having to divert emergency patients, with doctors reporting messages demanding money.

National Health Service (NHS) hospitals across the country appear to have been simultaneously hit by a bug in their IT systems. Doctors have been posting on Twitter about what has been happening.

A screengrab of an instant message conversation circulated by one doctor says: “So our hospital is down … We got a message saying your computers are now under their control and pay a certain amount of money. And now everything is gone.”

A second doctor tweeted: “Massive NHS hack cyber attack today. Hospital in shut down. Thanks for delaying emergency patient care & endangering lives. #ssholes.”  
www.rt.com/uk/388115-nhs-hospitals-cyber-attack/ 

massive ransomware campaign appears to have infected a number of organisations around the world.

Computers in thousands of locations have apparently been locked by a program that demands $300 (£230) in Bitcoin.

There have been reports of infections in as many as 74 countries, including the UK, US, China, Russia, Spain, Italy and Taiwan.

Many security researchers are linking the incidents together.

One cyber-security researcher tweeted that he had detected many thousands of cases of the ransomware, known as WannaCry and variants of that name.

"This is huge," said Jakub Kroustek at Avast.

Another, at cyber-security firm Kaspersky, said that the ransomware had been spotted cropping up in 74 countries and that the number was still growing.

The UK's National Health Service (NHS) was also hit by a ransomware outbreak on the same day and screenshots of the WannaCry program were shared by NHS staff.

A number of Spanish firms were among the apparent victims elsewhere in Europe.

Telecoms giant Telefonica said in a statement that it was aware of a "cybersecurity incident" but that clients and services had not been affected.

Power firm Iberdrola and utility provider Gas Natural were also reported to have suffered from the outbreak.

There were reports that staff at the firms were told to turn off their computers.

Screenshots of WannaCry with text in Spanish were also shared online.
Media captionWhat is ransomware?

In Italy, one user shared images appearing to show a university computer lab with machines locked by the same program.

Bitcoin wallets seemingly associated with the ransomware were reported to have already started filling up with cash.

Another firm that confirmed it had been caught out was delivery company FedEx.

"Like many other companies, FedEx is experiencing interference with some of our Windows-based systems caused by malware," it said in a statement.

"We are implementing remediation steps as quickly as possible."
'Spreading fast'

"This is a major cyber attack, impacting organisations across Europe at a scale I've never seen before," said security architect Kevin Beaumont.

According to security firm Check Point, the version of the ransomware that appeared today is a new variant.

"Even so, it's spreading fast," said Aatish Pattni, head of threat prevention for northern Europe.

Several experts monitoring the situation have linked the infections to vulnerabilities released by a group known as The Shadow Brokers, which recently claimed to have dumped hacking tools stolen from the NSA.

A patch for the vulnerability was released by Microsoft in March, but many systems may not have had the update installed.

Some security researchers have pointed out that the infections seem to be deployed via a worm - a program that spreads by itself between computers.

More to follow      www.bbc.com/news/technology-39901382


Wednesday, May 10, 2017

More on the 'nuclear disaster' at the Hanford 'plant' in Washington state,

The number of blog-readers has doubled since yesterday,

and readers in Russia have taken the lead 

over France, Britain, Canada, and the u.s. all put together.

I do not know why that is,

and can only presume that people are interested 

in the 'nuclear disaster' at the Hanford 'plant' in 

Washington state, 

as the politically-correct press likes to call the place. 

Little more has been reported about it today.

My opinion is that the 'nuclear disaster' was fabricated

one way or another,  for public relations purposes

of stirring up the old Cold War bogeyman of atomic bombs,

radiation fall-out, ticking of doomsday clocks, and world super-power nation-states

which possess the appropriate arsenals -- all of this befitting, of course, 

a trending build-up to world-war scenario set-up, to the benefit of 

the 'military-industrial complex' as Eisenhower called it, and nobody else. 





I do not know how much of all that was ever even true in the first place.


I used to be scared to death of it in the 1950s.  

People were then digging fallout shelters in their backyards 

and all that. Oh, yes, and 'missile silos' on every other hill.

 And UFOs everywhere you looked, too. 


 In any case, for some reason, they officially shut the hell up about yesterday's incident  by nightfall.

The  no-fly-zone remains in place over the area     http://tfr.faa.gov/tfr2/list.html  


What they did was, years and years ago, they loaded a bunch of nuclear waste stuff on the trains and buried the whole trains underground to get rid of it.  The 'tunnels' were never constructed to move goods from one place to another or anything like that. 

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

“Emergency Alert” Declared At Nuclear Facility In Washington; Evacuation Ordered, No-Fly Zone In Place

Zero Hedge – by Tyler Durden
Update 2: An aerial survey midmorning Tuesday showed an opening about 20 feet by 20 feet into the tunnel, which had been covered with about eight feet of soil. As Tri-CityHerald.com reports , the breach could expose the highly radioactive material disposed of in the tunnel to the atmosphere.  
No airborne radiation had been detected as of about 10:30 a.m. Radiological surveys were continuing.
Instructions for people to shelter in place were expanded from central Hanford to all of Hanford, including LIGO and the reactor areas along the Columbia River, after the aerial survey. No one is being allowed to enter the site beyond the security barricades.
Earlier in the morning workers near Purex had noticed a 4-foot-by-4-foot depression that was 2 to 4 feet deep over the tunnel.
Workers in Purex were evacuated when the depression was noticed.
About 3,000 workers in central Hanford initially were told to take shelter indoors, including about 1,000 workers at the vitrification plant construction site. Ventilation systems at the vit plant have been turned off as part of the emergency procedure and equipment that could generate heat have powered down.
The DOE announced that secretary Perry is aware of the incident and that there is no initial indication of any worker exposure or an airborne radiological release.
Meanwhile, Private pilots in the area have been told to avoid flying over Hanford. The Hanford Patrol is working with the Federal Aviation Administration to put a formal air restriction in place until the FAA can confirm there is no danger.
Update 1: A robot is being used to sample the contaminated air and soil in the area around the collapse…
And here is a chart of current windflows…

*  *  *
As we detailed earlier, the U.S. Department of Energy activated the Emergency Operations Center Tuesday due to a tunnel collapse at the Hanford nuclear site.


According to KING-TV, a “tunnel in a plutonium finishing plant collapsed in Hanford early Tuesday morning. The tunnel was full of highly contaminated materials such as hot radioactive trains that transport fuel rods.”
As Breaking911 reports, some workers were being evacuated while others were advised to shelter-in-place. The Hanford Fire Department is on scene and updates will be posted as they are available. Workers in the vicinity are still being sheltered as a precaution.
From the U.S. Department of Energy
“The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Richland Operations Office activated the Hanford Emergency Operations Center at 8:26 a.m., after an alert was declared at the 200 East Area. There are concerns about subsidence in the soil covering railroad tunnels near a former chemical processing facility. The tunnels contain contaminated materials.”
Actions taken to protect site employees include:
  • Facility personnel have been evacuated
  • As a precaution, workers in potentially affected areas of the Hanford Site have gone indoors
  • Access to the 200 East Area of the Hanford Site, which is located in the center of the Hanford Site, has been restricted to protect employees

*  *  *
As we detailed previously, radioactive leak problems at the Hanford Site, a nuclear storage tank in Washington State, are nothing new.
We first wrote about the ongoing radioative leakage at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation, created as part of the Manhattan Project to build the atomic bomb, in 2013.

As a reminder, during the Cold War, the project was expanded to include nine nuclear reactors and five large plutonium processing complexes, which produced plutonium for most of the 60,000 weapons in the U.S. nuclear arsenal. Alas, the site has been leaking ever since, as many of the early safety procedures and waste disposal practices were inadequate and Hanford’s operations released significant amounts of radioactive materials into the air and the neighboring Columbia River.


Hanford’s weapons production reactors were decommissioned at the end of the Cold War, but the decades of manufacturing left behind 53 million US gallons of high-level radioactive waste, an additional 25 million cubic feet of solid radioactive waste, 200 square miles of contaminated groundwater beneath the site and occasional discoveries of undocumented contaminations.


The Hanford site represents two-thirds of the nation’s high-level radioactive waste by volume. Today, Hanford is the most contaminated nuclear site in the United States and is the focus of the nation’s largest environmental cleanup. The government spends $2 billion each year on Hanford cleanup — one-third of its entire budget for nuclear cleanup nationally. The cleanup is expected to last decades.
However, as Krugman would say, the government was not spending nearly enough, and after a major documented leak in 2013, over the weekend, thousands of gallons of radioactive waste are estimated to have leaked from the Site once again, triggering an alarm and causing one former worker to label it as “catastrophic.”
As AP reported, the expanded leak was first detected after an alarm went off at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation on Sunday, and on Monday workers were preparing to pump the waste out of the troubled area. They were also trying to determine why the leak became worse.
It’s unclear exactly how much waste spilled out, but estimates place the amount at somewhere between 3,000 and 3,500 gallons, according to the Tri-City Herald.
The problem occurred at the double-wall storage tank AY-102, which has the capacity to hold one million gallons of the deadly waste, and which has been leaking since 2011. At the time, the leak was “extremely small”, and the waste would dry up almost right after spilling out between the inner and outer walls, leaving a salt-like substance behind.
However, over time the small leak got bigger.
In March, the US Department of Energy began pumping what was left in the storage tank, which originally held some 800,000 gallons of waste. However, after leak detector alarms sounded early Sunday morning, crews at Hanford lowered a camera into the two-foot-wide space between the tank’s inner and outer walls. They discovered 8.4 inches of radioactive and chemically toxic waste has seeped into the annulus.


Pumping work on the tank has been halted as officials reevaluate the situation and figure out how to get to the leaked radioactive waste. It’s possible that the leak was made worse when the pumping began, but that has not been confirmed.


Taking a page right out of the TEPCO playbook, the U.S. Department of Energy released a statement Monday calling the leak an “anticipated” outcome of an ongoing effort to empty the tank in question. The Washington state Department of Ecology said, “There is no indication of waste leaking into the environment or risk to the public at this time.”
But one former tank farm worker said the leak should be considered a major problem.
This is catastrophic. This is probably the biggest event to ever happen in tank farm history. The double shell tanks were supposed to be the saviors of all saviors (to hold waste safely from people and the environment),” said former Hanford worker Mike Geffre.
He should know: Geffre is the worker who first discovered that the tank, known as AY-102, was failing in 2011. In a 2013 series, “Hanford’s Dirty Secrets,” the KING 5 Investigators exposed that the government contractor in charge of the tanks, Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS), ignored Geffre’s findings for nearly a year. The company finally admitted the problem in 2012.
Another problem: tank AY-102 is just one of 28 double-shell tanks at Hanford (there are 177 underground tanks total) holding nuclear byproducts from nearly four decades of plutonium production on the Hanford Nuclear Site, located near Richland. Initially the plutonium was used to fuel the bombed dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, in World War II.
The new leak poses problems on several fronts. The outer shell of AY-102 does not have the exhaust or filtration system needed to keep the dangerous gases created by the waste in check. Workers have been ordered to wear full respiratory safety gear in the area, but the risk remains. And unlike Fukushima where cleanup crews are aware of the danger, in Hanford virtually nobody is aware of the dangers of the radioactive seepage.


“The hazards to workers just went up by a factor of 10,” said Geffre.
The breakdown calls into question the viability of three other double-shell tanks at Hanford that have the exact design of AY-102. It is not clear how many of them may have comparable “extremely small” leaks which have gotten bigger, and even if there was it is likely that the DOD would not reveal them.
“The primary tanks weren’t designed to stage waste like this for so many years,” said a current worker. “There’s always the question, ‘Are the outer shells compromised’”?
Oh, and let’s not forget that the accumulation of waste in the outer shell also means “the deadliest substance on earth is that much closer to the ground surrounding the tank. And currently there is no viable plan in place to take care of it.
Or, as Ben Bernanke would say, the Plutonium is contained.
“It makes me sad that they didn’t believe me that there was a problem in 2011,” said Geffre. “I wish they would have listened to me and reacted faster. Maybe none of this would be happening now. It’s an example of a culture at Hanford of ‘We don’t have problems here. We’re doing just fine.’ Which is a total lie,” said Geffre.
Dear Mike, if you think that is bad, you should see what they say about the “markets”…
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-05-09/emergency-alert-declared-hanford-nuclear-facility-washington-evacuation-ordered

On Rivers and Dams

One way or another,

I have written/published an inordinate amount lately, 

about Rivers and Dams.  

It has almost become a theme.


I do not know why this is so, either.  


Many concerned people are still closely watching 

Oroville Dam in California;

A lady in Perth Australia 

is doing one of the best reportages 

on that situation.  

You can follow Perth and everything else here

 
dam watch guide

 https://flyingcuttlefish.wordpress.com/2017/05/07/dam-guide/
 

Hundreds ordered to stay inside after tunnel collapse in Washington State


Not mentioned is the fact that this waste site is adjacent the Columbia River. 


Hundreds ordered to stay inside after tunnel collapse in Washington State


World

by NEWS 1130 Staff

Posted May 9, 2017 12:00 am PDT

Last Updated May 9, 2017 at 9:47 am PDT



WASHINGTON (NEWS 1130) -An emergency has been declared at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in southeastern Washington state after a portion of a tunnel that that contains rail cars full of nuclear waste collapsed.

Randy Bradbury, a spokesman for the Washington state Department of Ecology, said officials detected no release of radiation and no workers were injured.

He says there were no workers inside the tunnel when it collapsed Tuesday morning but that nearby workers were evacuated and others who were farther away were told to remain indoors.

Hanford for decades made plutonium for nuclear weapons and is now the largest depository of radioactive defence waste that must be cleaned.

The sprawling Hanford site is about half the size of Rhode Island.


(This is where they built "Fat Boy" - Hiroshima and Nagasaki  1945 - the Manhattan Project--Max)

22 minutes ago
Emergency Declared at Hanford Nuclear Waste Site After Tunnel Collapse
DAHBOO77
DAHBOO77
281K
1,981 views
Published on May 9, 2017

The US Department of Energy has declared an emergency at the Hanford, Washington nuclear waste storage site, after a tunnel used to store contaminated materials caved in.
A tunnel near the plutonium finishing plant collapsed early Tuesday morning local time, most likely from vibrations produced by nearby road work, KING-TV reported.
The tunnel was used to store highly radioactive materials and equipment, such as trains used to transport nuclear fuel rods.


Max's Blog Report

Russia is back.

There are now more people in Russia reading this blog 

than in the United States and Canada combined.  

But there are still more people in France reading this blog 

than those in Russia.  

I do not understand why any of this is so.  


I did not intend 

to become an on-line activist.  

It was an accident.  

I really don't know how it happened.

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Images of the Teton Dam Collapse   Idaho  June 5 1976














New Crisis At Oroville, The Dam Wall Is Leaking!

Sunday, April 30, 2017 20:24
 
 
 
In addition to the spillway failures a condition known as ‘piping’ may be taking place at Oroville Dam.


A bit of background info on ‘piping’ from Wikipedia.
Internal erosion of soil particles from within a dam by water that seeps through the dam is one of the most common causes of failure of levees and earth dams[1]
Internal erosion is especially dangerous because there may be no external evidence, or only subtle evidence, that it is taking place. Usually a sand boil can be found, but the boil might be hidden under water. A dam may breach within a few hours after evidence of internal erosion becomes obvious.
Internal erosion manifests by the migration of soil particles by suffusion or piping.
Piping is induced by regressive erosion of particles from downstream and along the upstream line towards an outside environment until a continuous pipe is formed. [2][3]
Suffusion is the migration of soil particles through the soil matrix.
Fig 2. Greening Wet Area, with erosion channels, has been noted in CA Division of Safety of Dams (DSOD) in 2014/2015/2016 Safety Inspection reports. DWR is trying to understand the cause of this leakage. The Wet Area Greening has been more noticeable in the high reservoir levels in 2017. Image courtesy of Google Earth.

AGENDA 21 RADIO

BY PAUL PRESTON
By Tony Johnson
A Leak in the core of an Earthen Dam is known to trigger catastrophic failure within hours.  Oroville’s Earthen Dam has a persistent “leaking” of seepage water flow on the left mid-slope backside of the embankment. This persistent leaking has caused noticeable green vegetation growth in this area while creating visible “erosion” channels down the backside facing of the dam.  DWR Safety Inspection reports have repeatedly noted that “this should be investigated”.  Yet it is still unknown to DWR as to the source of this leakage, thus creating an unknown risk to a potentially swift and catastrophic dam failure mechanism.

LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) – Oroville Dam may be facing a similar breach danger as in the June 5, 1976, Idaho Teton Dam collapse – it all started by water “seepage”.  Any unexpected water seepage in an Earthen Dam, such as the Oroville Dam, is cause for great alarm. The catastrophe at the Teton Earthen Dam’s sudden collapse started somewhat quietly in seeping clear water.  First one location, then another.  Soon the full crumbing earthen dam sent a cascade of water rushing through downstream communities of the Teton and Snake River floodplains. President Ford declared the collapse and subsequent flooding a major disaster just one day later [1]. Of the 23 presidentially declared disasters in Idaho, the Teton Dam’s collapse remains the only man-made disaster. Dale Howard, quoted in Time’s “Teton: Eyewitness to Disaster” described the scene, “When the water hit the power plant below…”it just disintegrated. The water picked up a huge oil tank like a cork and away it went. There was a beautiful grove of cottonwood trees down below, and they were snapped off like matchsticks. Later I could see the water out on the plain. It was almost like a surrealist picture; as the water hit some of the farm fields, you could see an eerie cloud of dust and mist rise up three to five miles away.” [1]
Dale Howard and his wife Linda had witnessed the mighty collapse of the majestic 307ft-high 3,000 ft-long Teton Dam. Just before the collapse, one of their children recalls “This wet spot on the side of the dam started spurting a little water and I asked my mother, ‘Do you think we should notify the authorities?’ She said: ‘I don’t think it could be too serious because nobody is sticking his finger in the hole.” [2].
Oroville Dam dwarfs the magnitude of the Teton Dam as Oroville is the tallest dam in the United States. Registering in at 770 ft-high, 6,920 ft-long, and 77.619 million cubic yards in volume of specially compacted “Zone Layers” of mixtures of boulders, cobbles, gravels, sands, silt, and clay [3].  Considered an engineering marvel,  yet statistics worldwide reveal that 60% of all dam failures are attributed to Earthen Dams.  The economic benefits, of a lower cost of building earthen dams, requires a commensurate degree of careful maintenance and monitoring.  In contrast to a solid concrete dam, an earthen dam is designed using sheer weight of layered materials to hold back large bodies of water.  Layers of material are compacted to careful densities with specialized construction equipment to insure the integrity of the performance to meet the stress loads of retaining a large reservoir under great water pressures.

The key to water blockage to an earthen dam is the center “core” zone.  It is commonly engineered to be a high concentration of clay or clayey based material. The other vertical layer “Zones” are designed for the structural support of this critical “core”.  The outermost layer is the massive gravity based “shell layer” that is mostly cobbles, gravels, and boulders.  The long term reliability and Safety of an Earthen dam requires monitoring the gradual slow compaction of the dam from its own weight.  This is called “settlement”.  Oroville Dam has been engineered to slowly “settle” at a maximum value over the life of the dam.  In the first 7 years of Oroville dam, the “settlement” was measured to be less than 1 foot – well within the engineering design calculations.  As with other earthen dams, the slow “settlement” is a continued compaction of the materials by gravity and other hydrological effects and is normal.
DWR is trying to understand this leakage as noted in a 2015 request to FERC to relocate a monitoring drill hole to a location near the leakage area.  DWR stated: “The new proposal moves the drill hole originally planned at Oroville Dam’s toe to the Left Abutment (off dam) at about elevation 670 feet.”, “DWR plans to install a piezometer at this location for the purpose of monitoring groundwater levels in proximity to the historic ‘green spot’ within the dam embankment. Data collected may be beneficial in understanding seepage within the Left Abutment.”
Oroville Dam may be exhibiting a dangerous failure mode from an effect known as “Differential Settlement”.  This phenomenon occurs by sections of the dam “compacting” at a different rate.  Thus, internal forces are applied to the center of the dam that has known to cause loss of the integrity of the core, cracking of the core, clogging of the internal drainage system, and longitudinal cracking along the interface between embankment zone fill materials [6].  Historic failures of “Differential Settlement” at dams has found a critical component that risks the danger from the dam having an abutment with a “sharp abutment” slope change [4][6].  A first sign of this alarming problem would be unexplained seepage, wet spots, or greening areas on the back side of the dam (to which Oroville Dam is exhibiting).
Oroville Dam has a classic failure architecture characteristic, of a “sharp abutment change in slope”, that has led to embankment dam failures from uneven compaction. This is called “Differential Settlement Failure”. A steep slope transition, from a gradual slope, in the abutment side of the dam, may lead to a greater compaction rate in the steeper section and a slower compaction rate in the gradual slope area.  The internal stresses from the massive volume of Zone layer materials, in settling at different rates, is known to cause horizontal type failure cracking in the core of the dam, leading to dangerous leakage, internal erosion, and subsequent failure of the dam [4][5].  The leakage in the core disperses soil type material that defeats the vertical chimney “Drain Zone” by clogging the boulder, cobble, and gravel mix [5][6].  Thus, the soil dispersal is able to continue to form a horizontal “bench” flow that exits as a linear area of seepage.  This is the exact pattern observed on the mid-slope backside embankment of Oroville dam. If an internal leakage of water from such longitudinal cracking were to escalate in the volume of flow, erosion would accelerate the budding “failure mode” to the point of no return.  Earthen Dams have been repaired in fixing “differential settlement” leakage dangers by drilling into the core and injecting sealing mixture compounds of clay & Bentonite material.

Alarm? DWR discovers 2x “Differential Settlement” which is revealed in a December 22, 2015 memo on a Dam Safety Surveillance and Monitoring Reports (DSSMRs) letter to FERC [Fig 4].  The 2x “settlement” difference is noted from the crest of the dam to a reservoir embankment bench at elevation marker EL 815. If there is a discovered “Differential Settlement” that is 2x the amount from an evenly progressing compaction settlement, are there other areas of the dam that may be exhibiting further “differential settlement”?  The report does not identify the extent of DWR’s survey of the 100 emplaced monuments at the original construction of the dam.  Is it possible that just a “sampling” of some monuments are conducted, thus missing the opportunity to detect a subtle yet critical change near the “leakage areas”?
Is a breach imminent? Only with swift attention to determining the potential of internal cracks within the core may this question be answered.  To date, DWR is still investigating, but they do not know the cause. With the crisis of the Spillway failures and emergency reconstruction efforts, at which nearly $521 million dollars have been spent or allocated, there should be some serious attention given to the leakage issue on the dam.  This leakage may be misleading in its clues to DWR as the “clogging” of the Drain Zone would mask a fluctuation in the normal seepage at the collection monitoring stations at the toe of the dam.  Unfortunately, a major obstacle may impede resolving an answer to this question as the reservoir height would need to be dropped below 660 ft.  Any “test drill” to the core would require a safe level where the internal water “phreatic” level would necessitate being lower than the drill probe insertion.  Thus, Oroville Dam may be in a state where this question may not be immediately answerable or even mitigate-able due to the current crisis and the ever flowing runoff to reservoir height.
At this point, Public Awareness may be the only option. Keeping potential risk information from the residents would be a great disservice as this potential issue could escalate swiftly, with little warning for evacuation.  Just as was the case of the smaller, yet mighty Teton Dam.
Fig 2. Greening Wet Area, with erosion channels, has been noted in CA Division of Safety of Dams (DSOD) in 2014/2015/2016 Safety Inspection reports. DWR is trying to understand the cause of this leakage. The Wet Area Greening has been more noticeable in the high reservoir levels in 2017. Image courtesy of Google Earth.
Fig 3. An internal dam Seepage source of water is resulting in Large Vegetation Growth (image from April 2017). DWR has drilled an exploratory well in 2016 to try to understand this serious risk issue. Image courtesy of DWR.Fig 3. An internal dam Seepage source of water is resulting in Large Vegetation Growth (image from April 2017). DWR has drilled an exploratory well in 2016 to try to understand this serious risk issue. Image courtesy of DWR.
Fig 4. Potential Significant sign of Fig 4. Potential Significant sign of “Differential Settlement” – DWR to FERC communications where DWR Board recommends an explanation in a future DSSMR report back to FERC regarding an “uneven” settlement (self compaction) finding on Oroville dam. Survey data found one area settling at 2x the amount at the Crest of the Dam. Crest embankment Erosion images reveal a denser pattern of erosion channels directly above the “Wet Spot Greening area”. As waterflow from the crest road finds a “low spot”, this infers that there may be a link to additional “differential settlement” in the fill zones at the core of the dam. Information noted as CEII secret.
More Reading:
[1] Teton Dam disaster – 1976 Teton Dam Collapse – https://ioem.idaho.gov/Pages/History/DamCollapse.aspx
[2] Time: “Teton: Eyewitness to Disaster”   http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,918216,00.html
[3] Oroville Dam – Tallest in the United States – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oroville_Dam
[4] Design and Construction of Embankment Dams – Differential Settlement Failure/Cracking Fig 2.4(a) sharp abutment change – http://aitech.ac.jp/~narita/tembankmentdam1.pdf
[5] Embankment Dams-Design Standards No. 13 – Longitudinal Cracking from Differential Settlement pg 5 – http://www.damsafety.org/media/Documents/DownloadableDocuments/ResourcesByTopic/DS13-11.pdf
[6] Lessons Learned from Dam Incidents and Failures – Steep rock abutments leading to “differential settlement, cracking, and failure by internal erosion – http://damfailures.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Lessons-Learned-Complete-List.pdf

End

The next imperative was to get on the west side
 of the Columbia River.

I somehow found myself in a city-scape,
which I can now identify in retrospect
was the city of Wenatchee, but didn’t know at the time.
My on-the-phone guide was as confused as I was
 about my location, and thought I was somewhere else.

I became caught in an endless loop,
and crossed the Columbia River eight times
on a bridge on a freeway that went back and forth
from downtown Wenatchee proper
to downtown East Wenatchee, and no where else.

Finally I gave up and back-tracked an unknown number of miles,
 and somehow stumbled upon another bridge,
 and there I crossed the Columbia River
for what was surely a record-breaking ninth time in one morning.

Now it was believed I was back on the right track.
I had next only to turn-off from Highway 2 to State Route 9.
Piece-a-cake.

I got lost three more times.
I couldn’t find State Route 9.

The third time I ended up in somebody’s driveway
 blocking the passage of an impatient USPS mail-truck on it’s daily rounds,
 and half a dozen barking dogs. Charlie barked back.

A nearby house-holder wearing a maroon sweater
 came to investigate. I told him my daughter was coming to find me.

“That’s ridiculous,” he said bluntly.
"That isn’t necessary at all. You are almost there.
"Just go back to the top of the hill and turn right. You can’t miss it.”

In a place with thousands of hills, which hill did he mean?
This is the essence of the thing when people
 who know where they are,
 talk to someone who isn’t from around here;
 they think you know what they are talking about,
and you don't.

He was a tall gaunt man with long thin maroon arms
 which he began to flail in long circular sweeps like a windmill.

“Pull into my driveway and turn around,” he ordered.

I didn’t dare tell him I had never backed up a truck
 and couldn’t see in the mirrors.

“Never mind the lawn,” he said, flailing on in circles.
 “It’s just grass. It’ll grow back.”

I somehow did find the top of the correct hill,
where I turned right onto State Route 9.

It was now late in the afternoon on the first day of April.

An hour out from the destination
stopping traffic in all directions on State Route 9,
a beautiful woman jumped out of her car
leaving the motor running and the car-door sprawling
and she ran back to a runaway u-haul truck. 

(End) 

Monday, May 1, 2017

Going on

It was awful.
I was more scared than I have ever been in my whole life.

I was shaking violently when I realized I had actually made it
to the bottom of that savage 9% downgrade alive.

Suddenly I remembered I should pull into a gas station
to fill the tank one more time.

I somehow got mixed up about which side of the u-haul the gas tank was on,
 and in the confusion, I rammed sideways into the gas pump.

The engine stopped cold on impact.

For some reason the horn was blaring.

Charles was the floor and couldn’t get up.

I just sat there.

The gas/convenience-store guy came.

He opened the u-haul door and I nearly fell out.

He helped me down.

“Go inside,” he said calmly. “I’ll take care of this.”


Charles had somehow scrambled back onto the seat,

 and was barking his head off.

The guy ignored him and climbed into the driver’s seat. 


I went into the convenience store and wondered around.

I couldn’t bear to watch.

 I have no idea how he managed to maneuver the u-haul out of that mess.


He came in the store, looking concerned. “Are you safe to drive?”

“Yes,” I lied.

 I thought sure he was going to call the police.

 I told him who I was, where I had come from, and where I was trying to go.

“You are almost there,” he said, nodding. 



Blessed be the kindness of strangers.


....to be continued....
max

Day 4






Stevens Pass over the north Cascade range was a thousand times worse
 than the Rocky Mountains in Wyoming and Montana.




“On February 23, 1910, the two Great Northern Railway trains,
the "Seattle Express" local passenger train No. 25 and Fast Mail train No. 27,
 were stalled on the tracks at the Cascade Tunnel Station on Stevens Pass
 because of a heavy snow storm and avalanches.
 Then on March 1, six days later,
another avalanche pushed both trains 150 feet (46 m) down into the Tye River Valley,
thus burying the train cars in snow and debris.
 The Wellington Disaster killed ninety-six people –
thirty-five passengers and sixty-one railroad employees –
 which made the Wellington avalanche
one of the worst train disasters in United States history."
-- Wikipedia


Approaching the summit of Stevens Pass,
the u-haul was apprehended with flashing lights and screaming siren
 by a pissed-off Washington State Patrol officer.
 He called the offense ‘Impeding’. “This is what gets people killed!”

He was furious. “Don’t you ever look behind you?”
I didn’t dare tell him no, I didn’t,
because I couldn’t make sense of the side-mirrors.

He took my South Dakota drivers’ license
and stomped off to his patrol car
expecting to find on-line records
of no telling what crimes I had probably committed,
 or was committing.

. He returned somewhat mollified, having found out
 I was who I said I was,
and my driving record and my criminal records were clean.
 No red flags showed up in his search.
His tone was slightly kinder
He suggested I should “back up over there’
and rest for a while before going on.
I didn’t dare tell him I had never backed up a truck before,
 and couldn’t do that either.
.I didn’t say anything.
Charles was cowering on the seat whining,
twisted up in a pile of stuff.
The guy looked sternly at Charles,
and then lectured me further about impeding.
 “I’ll let you go this time,” he said.
“ But I’m going to have you on my radar and if you do it again,
I’m going to take you to jail.”

In other words, the u-haul had to keep pace
with the insane speed of the car traffic, or else.

Alright then, you sonofabitch,
I said to myself to the cop. You win.

I pulled out again into the seventy-mile-an-hour traffic
 on the two-lane old cement Highway 2.
It was snowing.

I thought of someone I knew who liked fast cars
and was an excellent driver.
 “Honey," I said out-loud. " You take the wheel; its your turn to drive now!”
 “Buckle up, Charlie, we’re going over this damn hill!”

I put the pedal to the metal. 


...to be continued.... 

The Third Night

This was Home country now, the land of birth, childhood,

maidenhood, the early hour of womanhood,

 and of my daughter’s birth

the cold autumn-winter I was nineteen.


I drove into the sun and it was low now, in the eyes, blinding.

The Legions of Memory descended the sky

and marched the roadside

by the thousands and tens of thousands.

In tattered vests and ragged cloaks and old hats

and bare feet the Memories marched abreast,

advancing like an army.



They were all gone now, every single one of them.

All those people who had tilled farm, kept school,

fought the War, opened shop….gone now….

Once green lawn and houses painted white

And shade trees and flowers along the sidewalk


and the taste of pear tomatoes thick on a wild vine

at mid-summer twilight….all gone now.

The long-dead and the recent-dead marched abreast

decayed streets. Some mumbled as they went.

I’d like to tell you what they said

but that would take a thousand books.


I drove on to the next town, and the next,

each smaller and more deserted than the last

The Legions of Memory dwindled

as the miles passed

and finally dropped away into the mist.

I had not gone this way before.


As Day was ending

and Night beginning,

I came to the edge of the earth.

Beyond This Place there Be Dragons,


said the Olde Map.

 
In the era of my childhood, Highway 2 was the main east-west thoroughfare crossing the state of Washington,
 connecting major cities Spokane and Seattle.
State of the art for the time, it was a two-lane roadbed constructed of cement.

Now, the two-lane cement roadbed was patched here and there with asphalt,
 and was traveled only by scant local traffic.
 At this hour it was essentially deserted. No cars passed, either way.

I came to a rest area, and I pulled into it, in the middle of a desolate sagebrush wind-ridden
scrub cow pasture with rusted barbed-wire fences falling down around it,
near a railroad track and a graveled crossroad.
The building was old, small, and crumbling, with foul stopped-up plumbing
 and one dim light-globe dangling from a leaning pole.
 Nobody was around.
Here no comforting idling trucks parking overnight would shelter the u-haul between them.

I made the ET-phone-home check-in cell-phone calls
and was told I was six hours out from my destination.
While I was talking, a car came.
Its occupants didn’t get out.
 In a minute or two, another car came,
and I watched the interaction between them.
 I understood this was a remote location where certain deeds occurred under cover of darkness,
 and the sheriff couldn’t catch them and didn’t try. “Omg!” said Puppy in Texas, “You can’t stay overnight there!”

This was coulee country now, the Badlands of Washington state. 



Coulee definition: Chiefly Western U.S. and Western Canada.

 a deep ravine or gulch, usually dry, that has been formed by running water.



 I saw the road-signs flashing past,
pointing to Grand Coulee and to Grand Coulee Dam,
 ‘The 8th wonder of the world’ the old postcard said. 



  

The Legions of Memory marched again.  




Grand Coulee was my father’s dam, the greatest built in his career.




And it was here, at Grand Coulee Dam, that he met his true love.

The river Columbia was my father’s mistress.

Twas she whom he loved more than riches and gold,

more than hearth and home,

more than wife and children,

more than anything else.

I didn’t turn off old Highway 2 to Grand Coulee.

 I drove on west into the Badlands.



The night was utterly black, huge, intimate, draped with shreds of fog.

Lightless, the terrible terrain twisted, careened, dipped and rose, swerved,

crashing against gigantic rocks and canyons of hell,

alone, no comforting truck taillights ahead

to guide the laboring little u-haul’s treacherous trek.

It is unknown how many miles or hours

or nights or centuries

this  terrifying black road continued on.

The gas gauge dropped to less than a quarter.


At last I came to a little town, asleep in its cradle.

 Out of gas and out of strength, I could not go further.

 I parked on Main Street, under it's single streetlight

in the parking lot of the post office.

 Nobody was around.

Charlie got out and peed in the parking lot, and so did I.

Thus the third night also passed.

The worst was yet to come.